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Front Hum Neurosci. 2010 Oct 29;4:202. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2010.00202. eCollection 2010.

Visual evoked responses during standing and walking.

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  • 1Swartz Center for Computational Neuroscience, Institute for Neural Computation, University of California San Diego La Jolla, CA, USA.


Human cognition has been shaped both by our body structure and by its complex interactions with its environment. Our cognition is thus inextricably linked to our own and others' motor behavior. To model brain activity associated with natural cognition, we propose recording the concurrent brain dynamics and body movements of human subjects performing normal actions. Here we tested the feasibility of such a mobile brain/body (MoBI) imaging approach by recording high-density electroencephalographic (EEG) activity and body movements of subjects standing or walking on a treadmill while performing a visual oddball response task. Independent component analysis of the EEG data revealed visual event-related potentials that during standing, slow walking, and fast walking did not differ across movement conditions, demonstrating the viability of recording brain activity accompanying cognitive processes during whole body movement. Non-invasive and relatively low-cost MoBI studies of normal, motivated actions might improve understanding of interactions between brain and body dynamics leading to more complete biological models of cognition.


EEG; embodied cognition; independent component analysis; mobile brain/body imaging; walking

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