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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2011 Apr;113(1):58-62. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2010.10.016. Epub 2011 Jan 20.

Posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and hopelessness in women who are victims of sexual violence.

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  • 1Gynecological Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and hopelessness in women 1 and 6 months after they experienced sexual violence.

METHODS:

This prospective study, in which the clinician-administered PTSD scale, the Beck depression inventory, and the Beck hopelessness scale were used, included 67 women at 1 month and 52 women at 6 months after they experienced sexual violence.

RESULTS:

Overall, 77.6% of the women were ≤ 24years of age, and 52% were adolescents; 15% had a history of drug abuse, and 13.5% had a history of previous sexual violence. The aggressor was unknown in 76% of cases, and there was more than 1 aggressor in 9% of cases. In the first month, 43% of the women had moderate or very severe PTSD; 52.2% had moderate or severe depression; and 22.4% had moderate or severe hopelessness, which decreased to 21%, 20% and 10%, respectively, at 6 months. In the first month, severity of PTSD was associated with moderate or severe depression, and at 6 months severity of PTSD was associated with multiple aggressors and previous psychiatric disorders. All scores decreased in the sixth month.

CONCLUSION:

Severe mental health disorders were still present 6 months after women had experienced sexual violence.

Copyright © 2011 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21255779
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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