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Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 2011 Feb;79(2):83-91. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1245937. Epub 2011 Jan 20.

[The significance of a B cell-dependent immunopathology in multiple sclerosis].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Anatomie I, Universität zu Köln, Köln.


In spite of keen clinical and neuroscientific interest, the aetiology and immunopathology of multiple sclerosis (MS) remain to be elucidated. The present work seeks to give insight into the important, but thus far underestimated contribution of B cells to the disease. Emphasis will be placed on the role of B cells as producers of autoantibodies and as antigen presenting cells. In addition, the development of ectopic B cell follicles in the CNS and their potential correlation with the course of the disease and MS severity will be discussed. Finally, regulatory functions of a B cell-dependent immunopathology should be mentioned. A better understanding of the complex pathomechanisms of MS will allow for therapeutic options that are causative. Potential targets of a B cell-oriented therapy will be delineated in the following review. We hereby aim at triggering a critical re-evaluation of traditional paradigms assigned to MS, appreciating the importance of B cells in the disease.

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

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