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Am J Dermatopathol. 2011 Jul;33(5):508-12. doi: 10.1097/DAD.0b013e3181ec711c.

Melanocytic matricoma with melanocytic atypia: report of a unique case and review of the literature.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles CA 90059, USA.


Melanocytic matricoma is a rare cutaneous neoplasm of presumed anagen hair follicle origin with approximately 10 reported cases in the literature. Melanocytic matricomas are clinically and histopathologically distinct cutaneous nodular proliferations of matrical and supramatrical cells admixed with dendritic melanocytes, which typically occur in the sun-exposed areas of elderly patients. We report a new case with additional histopathologic features not previously described. An 82-year-old white man presented with an exophytic papule of the ear clinically suspicious for basal cell carcinoma. Histopathologic examination demonstrated a polypoid neoplasm consisting of an admixture of matrical and shadow cells with numerous interspersed dendritic and epithelioid melanocytes arranged singly and in large expansile nests. An unusual feature in this case included prominent melanocytic proliferation with associated nuclear atypia and increased mitotic activity. Although atypical and malignant melanocytic colonization has been reported in basal cell carcinomas and squamoproliferative lesions, to our knowledge, it has not been previously described in melanocytic matricomas. The biologic significance of atypical melanocytic proliferations within melanocytic matricomas is uncertain and requires further study of additional cases and long-term follow-up.

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