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Mol Cancer Ther. 2011 Mar;10(3):550-7. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-10-0571. Epub 2011 Jan 20.

Enhanced anticancer effect of the combination of cisplatin and TRAIL in triple-negative breast tumor cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.

Abstract

Women with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) have a worse prognosis compared with other breast cancer subtypes. Hormonal or Herceptin-based therapies were found to be ineffective because of the loss of target receptors, such as ER, PR, and HER-2 amplification. Conventional chemo- and/ or radiation therapy also seems to have limited efficacy in TNBC patients. We studied the effects of cisplatin plus TRAIL on 1 normal and 2 TNBC cells in vitro. The in vitro studies indicate that cisplatin plus TRAIL significantly enhanced cell death in TNBC cell lines CRL2335 and MDA-MB-468 by approximately 60%-70% compared with approximately 10%-15% in CRL8799 normal breast cell line. Treatment with cisplatin/TRAIL also inhibited the expression of EGFR, p63, survivin, Bcl-2, and Bcl-xL in TNBC cells. Specific inhibition of EGFR and/or p63 protein in TNBC cells by small interfering RNA (siRNA) does not increase TRAIL-induced apoptosis. However, inhibition of survivin by siRNA enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis. These observations suggested the possibility that survivin played an important role in cisplatin plus TRAIL-induced apoptosis in TNBC cells. In vivo experiments, treatment of mice with cisplatin plus TRAIL resulted in a significant inhibition of CRL2335 xenograft tumors compared with untreated control tumors. Taken together the data suggest that cisplatin plus TRAIL treatment have the potential of providing a new strategy for improving the therapeutic outcome in TNBC patients.

©2011 AACR.

PMID:
21252285
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3053434
Free PMC Article
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