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J Biol Chem. 2011 Apr 1;286(13):11254-64. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.194332. Epub 2011 Jan 20.

Differential regulation of gene expression by protein kinase C isozymes as determined by genome-wide expression analysis.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.

Abstract

Protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes are key signal transducers involved in normal physiology and disease and have been widely implicated in cancer progression. Despite our extensive knowledge of the signaling pathways regulated by PKC isozymes and their effectors, there is essentially no information on how individual members of the PKC family regulate gene transcription. Here, we report the first PKC isozyme-specific analysis of global gene expression by microarray using RNAi depletion of diacylglycerol/phorbol ester-regulated PKCs. A thorough analysis of this microarray data revealed unique patterns of gene expression controlled by PKCα, PKCδ, and PKCε, which are remarkably different in cells growing in serum or in response to phorbol ester stimulation. PKCδ is the most relevant isoform in controlling the induction of genes by phorbol ester stimulation, whereas PKCε predominantly regulates gene expression in serum. We also established that two PKCδ-regulated genes, FOSL1 and BCL2A1, mediate the apoptotic effect of phorbol esters or the chemotherapeutic agent etoposide in prostate cancer cells. Our studies offer a unique opportunity for establishing novel transcriptional effectors for PKC isozymes and may have significant functional and therapeutic implications.

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