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Blood. 2011 Mar 24;117(12):3453-9. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-08-300715. Epub 2011 Jan 18.

β₂-Glycoprotein-1 autoantibodies from patients with antiphospholipid syndrome are sufficient to potentiate arterial thrombus formation in a mouse model.

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  • 1Division of Hemostasis and Thrombosis, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Antiphospholipid syndrome is characterized by thrombosis, recurrent fetal loss, and the presence of the lupus anticoagulant, anticardiolipin antibodies, or anti-β(2)-glycoprotein-1 (anti-β(2)-GP1) antibodies. Although anti-β(2)-GP1 antibodies have been documented as a biomarker for diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome, their direct role in the pathogenesis of thrombosis is unknown. We have demonstrated using intravital microscopy that anti-β(2)-GP1 autoantibodies purified from the sera of patients with antiphospholipid syndrome complicated by thrombosis greatly amplify thrombus size after laser-induced vessel wall injury in live mice. Anti-β(2)-GP1 autoantibodies from 3 patients with antiphospholipid syndrome were affinity-purified using human β(2)-GP1 bound to agarose. The effects of purified anti-β(2)-GP1 IgG autoantibodies, of anti-β(2)-GP1-depleted IgG, and of IgG from normal human sera on thrombus formation were measured in mice after arterial injury in the cremaster muscle. Before injury, purified anti-β(2)-GP1 IgG autoantibodies, anti-β(2)-GP1 antibody-depleted IgG, or IgG from normal human sera were infused. Increasing amounts of purified anti-β(2)-GP1 autoantibodies increased thrombus size in a dose-dependent manner, whereas neither anti-β(2)-GP1 antibody-depleted IgG nor IgG from normal serum affected thrombus size. These results indicate that anti-β(2)-GP1 IgG autoantibodies in antiphospholipid syndrome patient sera are not only a marker of antiphospholipid syndrome but are directly involved in the pathogenesis of thrombosis.

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