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Asian J Androl. 2011 Mar;13(2):266-74. doi: 10.1038/aja.2010.149. Epub 2011 Jan 17.

CABYR binds to AKAP3 and Ropporin in the human sperm fibrous sheath.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Daping Hospital, Institute of Surgery Research, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China.


Calcium-binding tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated protein (CABYR) is a highly polymorphic calcium-binding tyrosine- and serine-/threonine-phosphorylated fibrous sheath (FS) protein involved in capacitation. A putative domain (amino acids 12-48) homologous to the regulatory subunit of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (RII) dimerisation and A kinase-anchoring protein (AKAP)-binding domains of protein kinase A at the N-terminus suggests that CABYR may self-assemble and bind to AKAPs. Moreover, there is evidence that CABYR has limited interaction with AKAPs. However, further evidence and new relationships between CABYR and other FS proteins, including AKAPs, will be helpful in understanding the basic physiology of FS. In this study, a new strategy for co-immunoprecipitation of insoluble proteins, as well as the standard co-immunoprecipitation method in combination with mass spectrometry and western blot, was employed to explore the relationship between CABYR, AKAP3 and Ropporin. The results showed that AKAP3 was co-immunoprecipitated with CABYR by the anti-CABYR-A polyclonal antibody, and, conversely, CABYR was also co-immunoprecipitated with AKAP3 by the anti-AKAP3 polyclonal antibody. Another RII-like domain containing protein, Ropporin, was also co-immunoprecipitated with CABYR, indicating that Ropporin is one of CABYR's binding partners. The interactions between CABYR, AKAP3 and Ropporin were confirmed by yeast two-hybrid assays. Further analysis showed that CABYR not only binds to AKAP3 by its RII domain but binds to Ropporin through other regions besides the RII-like domain. This is the first demonstration that CABYR variants form a complex not only with the scaffolding protein AKAP3 but also with another RII-like domain-containing protein in the human sperm FS.

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