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Trends Ecol Evol. 1996 Aug;11(8):326-30.

Sources and sinks in population biology.

Author information

  • 1Paula Dias is at Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, CNRS, BP 5051, F-34033 Montpellier cedex 1, France.

Abstract

The various habitats inhabited by a given species are never of the same quality. When demographic models take into account this habitat heterogeneity, the source-sink concept naturally emerges: a local demographic surplus arises in good quality habitats (source), and a local demographic deficit occurs in habitats of poor quality (sink). Within a landscape, a permanent migration of propagules or individuals from source to sink habitats may lead to a stabilization of the overall demographic system. This simple situation, explored in the recent literature, has surprising properties. In particular, it requires a change in our view of classical concepts such as ecological niche and carrying capacity, it can explain the existence and persistence of local maladaptation and it can improve conservation practice.

PMID:
21237863
[PubMed]
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