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Trends Ecol Evol. 1995 Apr;10(4):143-7.

Neogene paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic change in southern temperate ecosystems - a southern perspective.

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  • 1Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0450, USA.


Recently, a greatly increased number of macrofossil and pollen analytical records from Australasia and southern South America has permitted, for the first time, a comprehensive overview of past vegetation and climate change in southern temperate ecosystems. While the course of Neogene climatic change has been comparable to that of the temperate northern hemisphere, a distinctive southern hemisphere vegetation has evolved, not primarily because of its common Gondwana origin, but as a consequence of the minor amplitude of Quaternary change, absence of large ice sheets, and failure of full-glacial environments to persist through interglacials.

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