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J Biol Chem. 2011 Mar 18;286(11):8857-65. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.150557. Epub 2011 Jan 11.

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha enhances haptoglobin gene expression by improving binding of STAT3 to the promoter.

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  • 1Department of Medical Lifescience, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 137-701, Korea.

Abstract

Haptoglobin (Hp) is known to play a role in angiogenesis as well as in anti-inflammation. STAT3 is a major transcription factor for expression of human Hp. We investigated whether hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), a key mediator of angiogenesis, participates in Hp gene expression. HIF-1α overexpression by gene transfection or hypoxia augmented Hp transcription in HepG2 human hepatoma cells. Conversely, knockdown of HIF-1α by specific siRNA transfection diminished Hp expression, although the level of STAT3 phosphorylation remained unchanged. A luciferase reporter assay using mutant Hp promoters demonstrated that two adjacent DNA elements, a STAT3-binding element (SBE) and a cAMP-response element (CRE)-like site in human Hp promoter -120/-97, were required for HIF-1α-stimulated transactivation of the Hp gene. HIF-1α, STAT3, and p300/CBP were simultaneously bound to the SBE/CRE as a complex form. When HIF-1α was knocked down, STAT3 binding to the SBE in the Hp promoter was attenuated. Our findings suggest that HIF-1α assists STAT3 in strong binding to the proximal SBE in the Hp promoter. The CRE-like site located near the SBE may contribute to the formation of a stable complex of STAT3, HIF-1α, and p300/CBP, which leads to maximum transcription of the Hp gene.

PMID:
21224490
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3058976
Free PMC Article

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