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Arch Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan;129(1):8-15. doi: 10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.340.

Retinal venular diameter as an early indicator of progression to proliferative diabetic retinopathy with and without high-risk characteristics in African Americans with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, UMDNJ-New Jersey Medical School, 90 Bergen St, Room 6164, Newark, NJ 07101, USA. Roymo@umdnj.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship between retinal arteriolar and venular diameter and the 6-year progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in African Americans with type 1 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

METHODS:

Included were 468 African Americans with type 1 diabetes mellitus who participated in the New Jersey 725 and who had undergone a 6-year follow-up examination. Seven standard field retinal photographs were obtained at both examinations. Computer-assisted grading, from digitized images of field 1 of baseline retinal photographs, was accomplished to determine the average diameter of retinal arterioles (central retinal arteriolar equivalent [CRAE]) and venules (central retinal venular equivalent [CRVE]). Retinal vessel diameter was examined in relation to the 6-year incidence and/or progression of DR.

RESULTS:

For right and left eyes, mean (SD) CRAE was 168.8 (16.0) μm and mean CRVE was 254.2 (25.2) μm. Both CRAE and CRVE were correlated between eyes (P < .001). Multivariate analysis with generalized estimating equations showed that larger CRVE in either the right or left eye was significantly associated with 6-year progression to either proliferative DR (PDR) or PDR with high-risk characteristics after adjusting for baseline clinical risk factors. Notably, a significant association between baseline CRVE and progression to PDR was present for eyes with no to moderate nonproliferative DR and also between baseline CRVE and progression to PDR with high-risk characteristics for eyes with no or nonproliferative DR.

CONCLUSION:

Larger retinal venular diameter is an independent and early indicator of progression to either PDR or PDR with high-risk characteristics in African Americans with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Comment in

PMID:
21220623
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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