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Nurs Sci Q. 2011 Jan;24(1):48-56. doi: 10.1177/0894318410389059.

Spirituality and spiritual self-care: expanding self-care deficit nursing theory.

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  • 1University of Detroit Mercy, USA.


The authors propose an integration of the concepts of spirituality and spiritual self-care within Orem's self-care deficit nursing theory as a critical step in theory development. Theoretical clarity is needed to understand the contributions of spirituality to health and well-being. Spirituality is the beliefs persons hold related to their subjective sense of existential connectedness including beliefs that reflect relationships with others, acknowledge a higher power, recognize an individual's place in the world, and lead to spiritual practices. Spiritual self-care is the set of spiritually-based practices in which people engage to promote continued personal development and well-being in health and illness.

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