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J Oncol. 2011;2011:875959. doi: 10.1155/2011/875959. Epub 2010 Dec 20.

Role of brush biopsy and DNA cytometry for prevention, diagnosis, therapy, and followup care of oral cancer.

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  • 1Institute of Cytopathology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Moorenstra β e 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

Late diagnosis resulting in late treatment and locoregional failure after surgery are the main causes of death in patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Actually, exfoliative cytology is increasingly used for early detection of oral cancer and has been the subject of intense research over the last five years. Significant advances have been made both in relation to screening and evaluation of precursor lesions. As this noninvasive procedure is well tolerated by patients, more lesions may be screened and thus more oral cancers may be found in early, curable stages. Moreover, the additional use of DNA image cytometry is a reasonable tool for the assessment of the resection margins of SCC. DNA image cytometry could help to find the appropriate treatment option for the patients. Finally, diagnostic DNA image cytometry is an accurate method and has internationally been standardized. In conclusion, DNA image cytometry has increasing impact on the prevention, diagnostic, and therapeutical considerations in head and neck SCC.

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