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Microbiol Immunol. 2011 Mar;55(3):154-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1348-0421.2010.00300.x.

Bordetella dermonecrotic toxin binds to target cells via the N-terminal 30 amino acids.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Bacteriology, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Bordetella dermonecrotic toxin (DNT) affects the biological function of host cells by activating intracellular Rho GTPases. The toxin binds to unidentified receptor(s) via 54 N-terminal amino acids, undergoes intramolecular cleavage on the C-terminal side of Arg(44) by furin or furin-like protease, and eventually enters the cytoplasm where the Rho GTPases reside. The binding to the receptor(s) and intramolecular cleavage are essential for DNT to intoxicate cells, and the 54 amino-acid binding domain encompasses the cleavage site, however, it is unclear whether these two events are related. In this study, we could narrow down the cell-binding domain to the N-terminal amino acids 2-30. The region does not contain the furin-recognition site, indicating that the cell binding and the intramolecular cleavage are independent events.

© 2011 The Societies and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

PMID:
21204952
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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