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J Minim Access Surg. 2011 Jan;7(1):90-5. doi: 10.4103/0972-9941.72394.

Urological applications of single-site laparoscopic surgery.

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  • 1Department of Urology, East Surrey Hospital, Redhill, U.K.


Single-port, single-incision laparoscopy is part of the natural development of minimally invasive surgery. Refinement and modification of laparoscopic instrumentation has resulted in a substantial increase in the use of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) in urology over the past 2 years. Since the initial report of single-port nephrectomy in 2007, the majority of laparoscopic procedures in urology have been described with a single-site approach. This includes surgery on the adrenal, ureter, bladder, prostate, and testis, for both benign and malignant conditions. In this review, we describe the current clinical applications and results of LESS in Urological Surgery. To date this evidence comes from small case series in centres of excellence, with good results. Further well-designed prospective trials are awaited to validate these findings.


Laparoscopy; laparoendoscopic single-site surgery; robotic; single-port; single-site; urology

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