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Obes Facts. 2010 Dec;3(6):357-62. doi: 10.1159/000322984. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Air displacement plethysmography for estimating body composition changes with weight loss in middle-aged Japanese men.

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  • 1Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Tokyo, Japan. h-sasai@umin.ac.jp

Abstract

AIM:

To examine the degree to which air displacement plethysmography (ADP) can track body composition changes in response to weight loss in obese Japanese men.

METHOD:

50 men, aged 30-65 years with a mean BMI of 30 kg/m(2), were included in a 3-month weight loss program. Percentage of fat mass (%FM) was determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and ADP at baseline and month 3.

RESULTS:

With 6.2 ± 4.3 kg of weight loss, %FM, as determined by DXA and ADP, significantly decreased by 3.9 ± 2.9% and 3.9 ± 3.3% respectively. There was no mean difference for change (Δ) in %FM between the two methods. DXA-derived Δ%FM significantly correlated with Δ%FM determined by ADP (R(2) = 0.48, p < 0.01). Furthermore, the Bland-Altman plots demonstrated no systematic bias for Δ%FM (r = -0.20, p = 0.17). However, %FM by ADP (r = 0.42) at baseline and Δ%FM by ADP (r = -0.54) were significantly correlated to the differences between Δ%FM by DXA and ADP.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that ADP is comparably accurate for evaluating Δ%FM when compared with DXA, although there were proportional biases.

Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

PMID:
21196789
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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