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Trauma Violence Abuse. 2011 Apr;12(2):67-86. doi: 10.1177/1524838010390708. Epub 2010 Dec 31.

College- or university-based sexual assault prevention programs: a review of program outcomes, characteristics, and recommendations.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.


This article examines literature reviews of research articles and dissertations focused on the effectiveness of college- or university-based sexual violence prevention programs. Literature reviews were eligible for inclusion in this article if they examined empirical published peer-reviewed research articles or dissertation research that reported original data; focused on examining the effectiveness of programs that were developed to reduce sexual violence that occurred in college or university settings; offered recommendations for developing and implementing effective college- or university-based sexual assault prevention programs; and reviewed studies that occurred in the United States. Eight review articles met the inclusion criteria. The results suggest that the effectiveness of college- or university-based sexual violence prevention programs varies depending on the type of audience, facilitator, format, and program content. Recommendations from existing reviews of empirical research concerning these program characteristics should be considered by college or university administrators when designing and implementing their own programs on campus.

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