Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Jan;17(1):7-15. doi: 10.3201/eid1701.091101p1.

Foodborne illness acquired in the United States--major pathogens.

Author information

  • 1Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. elaine.scallan@ucdenver.edu

Abstract

Estimates of foodborne illness can be used to direct food safety policy and interventions. We used data from active and passive surveillance and other sources to estimate that each year 31 major pathogens acquired in the United States caused 9.4 million episodes of foodborne illness (90% credible interval [CrI] 6.6-12.7 million), 55,961 hospitalizations (90% CrI 39,534-75,741), and 1,351 deaths (90% CrI 712-2,268). Most (58%) illnesses were caused by norovirus, followed by nontyphoidal Salmonella spp. (11%), Clostridium perfringens (10%), and Campylobacter spp. (9%). Leading causes of hospitalization were nontyphoidal Salmonella spp. (35%), norovirus (26%), Campylobacter spp. (15%), and Toxoplasma gondii (8%). Leading causes of death were nontyphoidal Salmonella spp. (28%), T. gondii (24%), Listeria monocytogenes (19%), and norovirus (11%). These estimates cannot be compared with prior (1999) estimates to assess trends because different methods were used. Additional data and more refined methods can improve future estimates.

Comment in

PMID:
21192848
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3375761
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for CDC-NCEZID Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk