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Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Jan;17(1):1-6. doi: 10.3201/eid1701.101210.

Public health implications of cysticercosis acquired in the United States.

Author information

  • 1Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. fsorvill@ucla.edu

Abstract

Cysticercosis has emerged as a cause of severe neurologic disease in the United States that primarily affects immigrants from Latin America. Moreover, the relevance of cysticercosis as a public health problem has been highlighted by local transmission. We searched the biomedical literature for reports documenting cases of cysticercosis acquired in the United States. A total of 78 cases, principally neurocysticercosis, were reported from 12 states during 1954-2005. A confirmed or presumptive source of infection was identified among household members or close personal contacts of 16 (21%) case-patients. Several factors, including the severe, potentially fatal, nature of cysticercosis; its fecal-oral route of transmission; the considerable economic effect; the availability of a sensitive and specific serologic test for infection by adult Taenia solium tapeworms; and the demonstrated ability to find a probable source of infection among contacts, all provide a compelling rationale for implementation of public health control efforts.

PMID:
21192847
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3298370
Free PMC Article
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