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Endocrinology. 2011 Feb;152(2):680-8. doi: 10.1210/en.2010-0829. Epub 2010 Dec 29.

Aldosterone/Mineralocorticoid receptor stimulation induces cellular senescence in the kidney.

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  • 1Department of Cardiorenal and Cerebrovascular Medicine, Life Sciences Research Center, Kagawa University, Kagawa 761-0793, Japan.

Abstract

Recent studies demonstrated a possible role of aldosterone in mediating cell senescence. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether aldosterone induces cell senescence in the kidney and whether aldosterone-induced renal senescence affects the development of renal injury. Aldosterone infusion (0.75 μg/h) into rats for 5 weeks caused hypertension and increased urinary excretion rates of proteins and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase. Aldosterone induced senescence-like changes in the kidney, exhibited by increased expression of the senescence-associated β-galactosidase, overexpression of p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (p21), and decreased expression of SIRT1. These changes were abolished by eplerenone (100 mg/kg/d), a mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonist, but unaffected by hydralazine (80 mg/liter in drinking water). Furthermore, aldosterone induced similar changes in senescence-associated β-galactosidase, p21, and SIRT1 expression in cultured human proximal tubular cells, which were normalized by an antioxidant, N-acetyl L-cysteine, or gene silencing of MR. Aldosterone significantly delayed wound healing and reduced the number of proliferating human proximal tubular cells, while gene silencing of p21 diminished the effects, suggesting impaired recovery from tubular damage. These findings indicate that aldosterone induces renal senescence in proximal tubular cells via the MR and p21-dependent pathway, which may be involved in aldosterone-induced renal injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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