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J Biol Chem. 2011 Mar 11;286(10):8507-22. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.179523. Epub 2010 Dec 28.

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 8 (ERK8) controls estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) cellular localization and inhibits its transcriptional activity.

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  • 1Istituto Toscano Tumori-Core Research Laboratory, Signal Transduction Unit, Siena, Italy.

Abstract

ERK8 (MAPK15) is a large MAP kinase already implicated in the regulation of the functions of different nuclear receptors and in cellular proliferation and transformation. Here, we identify ERRα as a novel ERK8-interacting protein. As a consequence of such interaction, ERK8 induces CRM1-dependent translocation of ERRα to the cytoplasm and inhibits its transcriptional activity. Also, we identify in ERK8 two LXXLL motifs, typical of agonist-bound nuclear receptor corepressors, as necessary features for this MAP kinase to interact with ERRα and to regulate its cellular localization and transcriptional activity. Ultimately, we demonstrate that ERK8 is able to counteract, in immortalized human mammary cells, ERRα activation induced by the EGF receptor pathway, often deregulated in breast cancer. Altogether, these results reveal a novel function for ERK8 as a bona fide ERRα corepressor, involved in control of its cellular localization by nuclear exclusion, and suggest a key role for this MAP kinase in the regulation of the biological activities of this nuclear receptor.

PMID:
21190936
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3048734
Free PMC Article
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