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Stem Cells Dev. 2011 Jun;20(6):933-46. doi: 10.1089/scd.2010.0263. Epub 2011 Feb 2.

Stromal-derived factor-1/CXCR4 signaling: indispensable role in homing and engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow.

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  • 1Stem Cell and Gene Therapy Research Group, Division of Radiation Biosciences, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Defense Research and Development Organization, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Homing and engraftment of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) in bone marrow is the major determining factor in success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This is a complex, multistep process orchestrated by the coordinated interplay between adhesion molecules, cytokines, growth factors, and regulatory cofactors, many of which remain to be defined. Recent studies have highlighted the pivotal role of unique stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCR4 signaling in the regulation of HSPC homing and subsequent engraftment. In addition, studies suggest that SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling acts as an essential survival-promoting factor of transplanted HSPCs as well as maintenance of quiescent HSCs in bone marrow niche. These pleiotropic effects exerted by SDF-1/CXCR4 axis make this unique signaling initiator very promising, not only for optimal hematopoietic reconstitution but also for the development of innovative approaches to achieve restoration, regeneration, or repair of other damaged tissues potentially amendable to reversal by stem cell transplantation. This goal can only be achieved when the role of SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in hematopoietic transplantation is clearly defined. Hence, this review presents current knowledge of the mechanisms through which SDF-1/CXCR4 signaling promotes restoration of hematopoiesis by regulating the homing and engraftment of HSPCs.

PMID:
21186999
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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