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Rev Neurol (Paris). 2011 Apr;167(4):280-90. doi: 10.1016/j.neurol.2010.07.039. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

[Cognitive rehabilitation in multiple sclerosis: a review of the literature].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Service de neurologie, hôpital central, CHU de Nancy, avenue du Maréchal-de-Lattre-de-Tassigny, 54035 Nancy cedex, France. h.brissart@chu-nancy.fr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cognitive impairment is now well-known in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, few rehabilitation interventions are proposed or really efficient.

OBJECTIVES:

To present a review of cognitive rehabilitation intervention research conducted in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), regarding different findings about episodic memory, working memory, attention and executive function disorders in MS.

DATA SOURCES:

A search of Medline (yield 20 papers) and of PsychInfo (yield 1 article), using combinations of the following terms: cognitive rehabilitation, multiple sclerosis, cognitive therapy, neuropsychological rehabilitation, in the title or in the abstract, from 1960 to March 2010, excluding animal studies.

RESULTS:

Episodic memory rehabilitation studies appear to be promising. Programs on working memory, attention and executive functions are in the very early phases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results are encouraging and allow specific recommendations for future research about: (1) inclusion criteria, often not defined, (2) a specific baseline adapted to the program of rehabilitation, (3) a control measure regarding program efficiency and (4) a role for the psychologist (presence and advice during the program).

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

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