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Atherosclerosis. 2011 Aug;217(2):503-8. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2010.10.047. Epub 2010 Dec 2.

Association of low leptin with cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease: the Heart and Soul Study.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. ivy.ku@ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Leptin is an adipokine with both protective and harmful effects on the cardiovascular (CV) system. Prior studies evaluating the association between leptin and CV outcomes have yielded conflicting results. Thus, we sought to investigate the relationship between leptin and CV events and mortality in patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

METHODS:

We performed a prospective cohort study of 981 outpatients with stable CAD. Leptin levels were measured in fasting venous samples at baseline. We used proportional hazards models to evaluate the association of baseline leptin with subsequent CV events (myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack) and death.

RESULTS:

During a mean follow-up of 6.2±2.1 years, there were 304 deaths, 112 myocardial infarctions, and 52 strokes/TIAs. In models adjusted for age, sex, and race, low leptin was associated with a 30% increased risk of the combined outcome (HR 1.30, CI 1.05-1.59, p=0.01). After further adjustment for obesity, traditional CV risk factors and biomarkers, low leptin remained associated with a 37% increased risk of events (HR 1.37, CI 1.06-1.76, p=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

Low leptin is associated with increased CV events and mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease. This association is independent of known factors affecting leptin levels, including gender and obesity.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Comment in

PMID:
21176905
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3085109
Free PMC Article

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