Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatrics. 2011 Jan;127(1):e24-30. doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-1935. Epub 2010 Dec 20.

Longitudinal study of physical activity and sedentary behavior in children.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Health & Society, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, M1.151 Leech Building Medical School, Framlington Place, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE2 4HH, United Kingdom. laura.basterfield@ncl.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Physical activity is thought to decline during childhood, but the extent of the decline is unknown. We made objective measures of 2-year changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior in English children who participated in the Gateshead Millennium Study to explore the nature, timing, and extent of changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior before adolescence.

METHODS:

We conducted a longitudinal study of 405 children (207 girls), aged 7 years, in 2006/2007 and again 24 months later. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were measured with the Actigraph GT1M accelerometer. Data were analyzed in 2010. Changes in total volume of physical activity (accelerometer counts per minute [cpm]), moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), and sedentary behavior were quantified. Factors associated with changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior were tested by using linear regression. Tracking of physical activity and sedentary behavior over the 2-year period was assessed by rank-order correlation.

RESULTS:

Mean daily volume of physical activity declined by 83 cpm (interquartile range [IQR]: -189 to 31) over 2 years; the percentage of daily time spent in MVPA was low at baseline and declined by 0.3% (IQR: -1.4 to 0.9). The percentage of daily time in sedentary behavior was high at baseline and increased from 78.0% to 81.1% of the day (change 3.1% [IQR: -0.3 to 6.0]). The decline in MVPA and increase in sedentary behavior were significantly greater in girls and in those with higher BMI z scores at baseline. Physical activity and sedentary behavior showed moderate tracking over the 2-year period.

CONCLUSIONS:

We report here new evidence of low and declining levels of physical activity and MVPA and increasing sedentary behavior before adolescence.

PMID:
21173005
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk