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Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010 Jul;1(3):159-62. doi: 10.4103/0974-7788.72487.

Antioxidant and hypolipidemic activity of Kumbhajatu in hypercholesterolemic rats.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Bharati Vidyapeeth's College of Pharmacy, CBD, Belapur, Navi Mumbai, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the efficacy of Kumbhajatu in reducing the cholesterol levels and as an antioxidant in hypercholesterolemic rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Hypercholesterolemia was induced in normal rats by including 2% w/w cholesterol, 1% w/w sodium cholate and 2.5% w/w coconut oil in the normal diet. Powdered form of Kumbhajatu was administered as feed supplement at 250 and 500 mg/kg dose levels to the hypercholesterolemic rats. Plasma lipid profile, hepatic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, catalase activity, reduced glutathione and extent of lipid peroxidation in the form of malondialdehyde were estimated using standard methods.

RESULTS:

Feed supplementation with 250 and 500 mg/kg of Kumbhajatu resulted in a significant decline in plasma lipid profiles. The feed supplementation increased the concentration of catalase, SOD, glutathione and HDL-c significantly in both the experimental groups (250 and 500 mg/kg). On the other hand, the concentration of malondialdehyde, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-c and VLDL in these groups (250 and 500 mg/kg) were decreased significantly.

CONCLUSION:

The present study demonstrates that addition of Kumbhajatu powder at 250 and 500 mg/kg level as a feed supplement reduces the plasma lipid levels and also decreases lipid peroxidation.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidant; Kumbhajatu; in vivo; lipids; simvastatin

PMID:
21170207
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2996573
Free PMC Article

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