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Trends Cogn Sci. 2011 Feb;15(2):85-93. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.11.004. Epub 2010 Dec 16.

Emotional processing in anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA. amitetkin@stanford.edu

Abstract

Negative emotional stimuli activate a broad network of brain regions, including the medial prefrontal (mPFC) and anterior cingulate (ACC) cortices. An early influential view dichotomized these regions into dorsal-caudal cognitive and ventral-rostral affective subdivisions. In this review, we examine a wealth of recent research on negative emotions in animals and humans, using the example of fear or anxiety, and conclude that, contrary to the traditional dichotomy, both subdivisions make key contributions to emotional processing. Specifically, dorsal-caudal regions of the ACC and mPFC are involved in appraisal and expression of negative emotion, whereas ventral-rostral portions of the ACC and mPFC have a regulatory role with respect to limbic regions involved in generating emotional responses. Moreover, this new framework is broadly consistent with emerging data on other negative and positive emotions.

Published by Elsevier Ltd.

PMID:
21167765
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3035157
Free PMC Article
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