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Am Heart J. 2011 Jan;161(1):113-122.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2010.10.004.

Risk adjustment for in-hospital mortality of contemporary patients with acute myocardial infarction: the acute coronary treatment and intervention outcomes network (ACTION) registry-get with the guidelines (GWTG) acute myocardial infarction mortality model and risk score.

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  • 1Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC; National Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

accurate risk adjustment is needed to guide quality improvement initiatives and research to improve care of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). We developed and validated a model to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality for contemporary patients with acute MI treated in routine clinical practice.

METHODS:

the Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network (ACTION) Registry-Get With The Guidelines (GWTG) database of patients with acute MI was used to derive (n = 65,668 from 248 US sites) and validate (n = 16,336) a multivariable logistic regression model to predict the likelihood of in-hospital mortality (4.9% in each cohort).

RESULTS:

factors with the highest independent significance in terms of mortality prediction included age, baseline serum creatinine, systolic blood pressure, troponin elevation, heart failure and/or cardiogenic shock at presentation, ST-segment changes, heart rate, and prior peripheral arterial disease. The model showed very good discrimination, with c statistics of 0.85 and 0.84 in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. The model calibrated well overall and in key patient subgroups including males versus females, age <75 versus ≥ 75 years, diabetes versus no diabetes, and ST-elevation MI versus non-ST-elevation MI. The ACTION Registry-GWTG in-hospital mortality risk score was also developed from the model. Patients with a risk score of ≤ 40 had an observed mortality rate of <4% compared with those with a risk score of 41-50 (12%) and risk scores >50 (34%).

CONCLUSION:

the ACTION Registry-GWTG™ in-hospital mortality model and risk score represent simple, accurate risk adjustment tools for contemporary patients with acute MI.

PMID:
21167342
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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