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Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2011 Jan;32(1):50-63. doi: 10.1002/bdd.738. Epub 2010 Dec 5.

Mechanistic population modeling of diabetes disease progression in Goto-Kakizaki rat muscle.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14260, USA.

Abstract

Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) is a lipid status responsive gene involved in muscle fuel selection. Evidence is mounting in support of the therapeutic potential of PDK4 inhibitors to treat diabetes. Factors that regulate PDK4 mRNA expression include plasma corticosterone, insulin and free fatty acids. The objective was to determine the impact of those plasma factors on PDK4 mRNA and to develop and validate a population mathematical model to differentiate aging, diet and disease effects on muscle PDK4 expression. The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat, a polygenic non-obese model of type 2 diabetes, was used as the diabetic animal model. Muscle PDK4 mRNA expression was examined by real-time QRTPCR. Groups of GK rats along with controls fed with either a normal or high fat diet were killed at 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks of age. Plasma corticosterone, insulin and free fatty acids were measured. The proposed mechanism-based model successfully described the age, disease and diet effects and the relative contribution of these plasma regulators on PDK4 mRNA expression. Muscle growth reduced the PDK4 mRNA production rate by 14% per gram increase. The high fat diet increased the initial production rate constant in GK rats by 2.19-fold. The model indicated that corticosterone had a moderate effect and PDK4 was more sensitive to free fatty acid than insulin fluxes, which was in good agreement with the literature data.

Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
21162119
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3080028
Free PMC Article

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