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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2011 Jan 27;366(1562):306-9. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0235.

The injured lung: clinical issues and experimental models.

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  • 1Biomedical Sciences Department, Dstl Porton Down, Salisbury SP4 OJQ, UK.


Exposure of military and civilian populations to inhaled toxic chemicals can take place as a result of deliberate release (warfare, terrorism) or following accidental releases from industrial concerns or transported chemicals. Exposure to inhaled toxic chemicals can result in an acute lung injury, and in severe cases acute respiratory distress syndrome, for which there is currently no specific medical therapy, treatment remaining largely supportive. This treatment often requires intensive care facilities that may become overwhelmed in mass casualty events and may be of limited benefit in severe cases. There remains, therefore, a need for evidence-based treatment to inform both military and civilian medical response teams on the most appropriate treatment for chemically induced lung injury. This article reviews data used to derive potential clinical management strategies for chemically induced lung injury.

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