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J Hepatol. 2011 Jun;54(6):1130-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2010.11.001. Epub 2011 Feb 24.

Treatment of chronic hepatitis C patients with the NS3/4A protease inhibitor danoprevir (ITMN-191/RG7227) leads to robust reductions in viral RNA: a phase 1b multiple ascending dose study.

Author information

  • 1J.W. Goethe Universität, Frankfurt, Germany. nicole.forestier@kgu.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Danoprevir is a potent and selective inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A serine protease. The present study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of danoprevir in a randomized, placebo-controlled, 14-day multiple ascending dose study in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection.

METHODS:

Four cohorts of treatment-naïve (TN) patients (100 mg q12 h, 100 mg q8 h, 200 mg q12 h, 200 mg q8 h) and one cohort of non-responders (NR) to prior pegylated interferon alfa-ribavirin treatment (300 mg q12 h) were investigated.

RESULTS:

Danoprevir was safe and well tolerated; adverse events were generally mild, transient and were not associated with treatment group or dose level. Danoprevir displayed a slightly more than proportional increase in exposure with increasing daily dose and was rapidly eliminated from the plasma compartment. Maximal decreases in HCV RNA were: -3.9 log(10)IU/ml and -3.2 log(10)IU/ml in TN receiving 200 mg q8 h and 200 mg q12 h, respectively. End of treatment viral decline in these two cohorts was within 0.1 log(10)IU/ml of the viral load nadir. HCV RNA reduction in NR was more modest than that observed in upper dose TN cohorts. The overall incidence of viral rebound was low (10/37) and was associated with the R155K substitution in NS3 regardless of the HCV subtype.

CONCLUSIONS:

Danoprevir was safe and well tolerated when administered for 14 days in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. Treatment resulted in sustained, multi-log(10) IU/ml reductions in HCV RNA in upper dose cohorts. These results support further clinical evaluation of danoprevir in patients with chronic HCV.

Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of the European Association for the Study of the Liver.

PMID:
21145848
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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