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Comput Aided Surg. 2011;16(1):32-7. doi: 10.3109/10929088.2010.535317. Epub 2010 Dec 8.

Comparison of multilevel oblique corpectomy with and without image guided navigation for multi-segmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Wooridul Spine Hospital, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Korea.



Multilevel Oblique Corpectomy (MOC) is an emerging technique for surgical treatment of multi-segmental cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) featuring extensive ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). However, the use of an oblique drilling plane is unfamiliar to most surgeons and there is no anatomical landmark present on the posterior portion of the vertebral body. To overcome these difficulties, the authors used intraoperative C-arm-based image guided navigation (IGN), and this study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of IGN in MOC.


Following the introduction of IGN for MOC, 24 patients underwent MOC procedures at our institution. Two patients who had undergone previous cervical operations were excluded from the present study. Of the remaining 22 patients, 11 underwent MOC with IGN, and 11 underwent MOC without IGN support. The completeness of MOC (CMOC) is measured as the sum of the bilateral remaining posterior body minus the remaining approach-side anterior body in millimeters at the most compressive level. For each patient, the preoperative Japanese Orthopaedic Association Score (JOAS) and postoperative 5th day JOAS were collected as well as several other perioperative parameters.


The mean CMOC was 0.89 mm for the IGN group and 5.9 mm for the control group. The mean change in JOAS was 5.58 for the IGN group and 3.34 for the control group at 1-year follow-up. In the control group, two patients underwent re-exploration due to remaining OPLL. Despite the intraoperative IGN set-up time, the mean operation time for the IGN group was shorter than that for the control group (248 min versus 259 min). Mean treated levels were 3.55 for the IGN group and 3.36 for the control group.


Through the use of image guided navigation, it was possible to accomplish faster and more complete MOC.

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