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J Proteome Res. 2011 Mar 4;10(3):1383-95. doi: 10.1021/pr101154j. Epub 2011 Jan 25.

Identification and validation of SAA as a potential lung cancer biomarker and its involvement in metastatic pathogenesis of lung cancer.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, School of Dentistry and Brain Korea 21, Kyungpook National University and ProtAnBio, Daegu, South Korea.

Abstract

Lung cancer is recently regarded as an overhealed inflammatory disease. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is known as an acute phase protein, but it is likely involved in the cancer pathogenesis. We identified both SAA1 and SAA2 in the pooled sera of lung cancer patients but not in the healthy control, by LC-MS/MS analysis. We found that about 14-fold higher levels of SAA in lung cancer patients' sera and plasma compared to healthy controls by ELISA using total 350 samples (13.89 ± 37.18 vs 190.49 ± 234.70 ug/mL). The SAA levels were also significantly higher than in other pulmonary disease or other cancers. An immunohistochemical study using tissue microarray showed that, unlike other cancer tissues, lung cancer tissues highly express SAA. Further in vitro experiments showed that SAA is induced from lung cancer cells by the interaction with THP-1 monocytes and this, in return, induces MMP-9 from THP-1. In in vivo animal models, overexpressed SAA promoted Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells to metastasize and colonize in the lung. Our data suggest that a higher concentration of SAA can serve as an indicator of lung adenocarcinoma and represents a therapeutic target for the inhibition of lung cancer metastasis.

PMID:
21141971
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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