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Bioresour Technol. 2011 Feb;102(3):3512-20. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.023. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

The characteristics of bio-oil produced from the pyrolysis of three marine macroalgae.

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  • 1Graduate School of Energy and Environmental System Engineering, University of Seoul, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The pyrolysis of two brown macroalgae (Undaria pinnatifida and Laminaria japonica) and one red macroalgae (Porphyra tenera) was investigated for the production of bio-oil within the temperature range of 300-600°C. Macroalgae differ from lignocellulosic land biomass in their constitutional compounds and high N, S and ash contents. The maximum production of bio-oil was achieved at 500°C, with yields between 37.5 and 47.4 wt.%. The main compounds in bio-oils vary between macroalgae and are greatly different from those of land biomass, especially in the presence of many nitrogen-containing compounds. Of the gaseous products, CO(2) was dominant, while C(1)-C(4) hydrocarbons gradually increasing at 400°C and above. The pretreatment of macroalgae by acid washing effectively reduced the ash content. The pyrolysis of macroalgae offers a new opportunity for feedstock production; however, the utilization of bio-oil as a fuel product needs further assessment.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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