Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Menopause. 2011 Feb;18(2):146-51. doi: 10.1097/gme.0b013e3181f464fb.

Vasomotor menopausal symptoms are associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease.

Author information

  • 1Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.



Emerging evidence suggests that women with vasomotor menopausal symptoms (VMS) may have an adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile. We investigated whether VMS are related to an increased risk of future coronary heart disease (CHD) and whether possible associations can be explained by CVD risk factors.


Data used were from a Dutch and Swedish population-based sample of 10,787 women enrolled between 1995 and 2000, aged 46 to 64 years, and free of CVD at baseline. Data on VMS were collected by questionnaires. Body mass index and blood pressure were measured in all women, and total cholesterol levels were measured in a subgroup of the population. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to analyze the data.


After a mean ± SD follow-up period of 10.3 ± 2.1 years, 303 women were diagnosed with CHD. Symptoms of flushing were not associated with risk of CHD. However, the presence of night sweats was associated with a significantly modest increased risk of CHD, with a multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio of 1.33 (95% CI, 1.05-1.69). This association was attenuated but not eliminated after correction for body mass index, blood pressure, and total cholesterol (hazard ratio, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.99-1.58).


Women with menopausal symptoms of night sweats have a significantly moderately increased risk of CHD, which cannot be totally explained by the levels of CVD risk factors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk