Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Nutr. 2011 Jan;141(1):163-8. doi: 10.3945/jn.109.114405. Epub 2010 Dec 1.

Breakfast frequency and quality may affect glycemia and appetite in adults and children.

Author information

  • 1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN 55454, USA. map@umn.edu

Abstract

Observational studies of breakfast frequency in children and adults suggest an inverse (protective) association between the frequency of eating breakfast and the risk for obesity and chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes. More prospective studies with stronger designs are needed, as are experimental studies on this topic. In addition, above and beyond breakfast frequency, the roles of dietary quality and composition need to be studied in the context of eating or skipping breakfast. Experimental studies are also necessary to rigorously test causality and biological mechanisms. Therefore, we conducted 2 pilot experimental studies to examine some of the effects of breakfast skipping and breakfast composition on blood glucose and appetite in children and adults. Our results suggest that breakfast frequency and quality may be related in causal ways to appetite controls and blood sugar control, supporting the hypothesis that the breakfast meal and its quality may have important causal implications for the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
21123469
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3001239
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

FIGURE 1
FIGURE 2
FIGURE 3
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk