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J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2010 Dec;12(12):935-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2010.00362.x. Epub 2010 Aug 20.

Prevalence of high-risk cardiovascular conditions and the status of hypertension management among hypertensive adults 65 years and older in the United States: analysis of a primary care electronic medical records database.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacotherapy, University of Utah College of Pharmacy, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. joe.biskupiak@utah.edu

Abstract

This study compared the prevalence of high-risk cardiovascular (CV) conditions, antihypertensive medication treatment patterns, and demographic and clinical characteristics associated with blood pressure (BP) goal attainment between elderly (65 years and older) and nonelderly (younger than 65 years) adults with hypertension. Retrospective cohort study was conducted using an electronic medical record database among patients receiving at least 1 antihypertensive medication. CV risk profiles were assessed by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision diagnosis codes. Treatment patterns were assessed by the number of antihypertensive medications prescribed. BP goal attainment was determined by the mean of the last 2 BP readings during 1 year of follow-up. Logistic regression estimated the odds of achieving BP goal. There were 61,355 nonelderly (mean age, 51.8 years) and 47,796 elderly (mean age, 73.2 years) patients in the study. Elderly patients had statistically significant higher levels of isolated systolic hypertension and complicated hypertension. Elderly patients had statistically significant higher levels of prescribing patterns characterized by multiple antihypertensive medications but statistically significant lower levels of BP goal attainment. Age 65 years and older, African American race, body mass index ≥30, and the presence of complicated hypertension were found to be statistically significant factors contributing to a lower likelihood of BP goal attainment. Despite aggressive antihypertensive treatment, elderly patients are less likely to achieve BP goals.

© 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
21122059
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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