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Mol Biol Cell. 2011 Jan 15;22(2):256-65. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E10-06-0551. Epub 2010 Nov 30.

Aberrant mitochondrial fission in neurons induced by protein kinase C{delta} under oxidative stress conditions in vivo.

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  • 1Department of Chemical and Systems Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

Neuronal cell death in a number of neurological disorders is associated with aberrant mitochondrial dynamics and mitochondrial degeneration. However, the triggers for this mitochondrial dysregulation are not known. Here we show excessive mitochondrial fission and mitochondrial structural disarray in brains of hypertensive rats with hypertension-induced brain injury (encephalopathy). We found that activation of protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) induced aberrant mitochondrial fragmentation and impaired mitochondrial function in cultured SH-SY5Y neuronal cells and in this rat model of hypertension-induced encephalopathy. Immunoprecipitation studies indicate that PKCδ binds Drp1, a major mitochondrial fission protein, and phosphorylates Drp1 at Ser 579, thus increasing mitochondrial fragmentation. Further, we found that Drp1 Ser 579 phosphorylation by PKCδ is associated with Drp1 translocation to the mitochondria under oxidative stress. Importantly, inhibition of PKCδ, using a selective PKCδ peptide inhibitor (δV1-1), reduced mitochondrial fission and fragmentation and conferred neuronal protection in vivo and in culture. Our study suggests that PKCδ activation dysregulates the mitochondrial fission machinery and induces aberrant mitochondrial fission, thus contributing to neurological pathology.

PMID:
21119009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3020920
Free PMC Article
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