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Mol Biol Cell. 2010 Dec;21(23):4057-60. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E09-07-0603.

The yeast vps class E mutants: the beginning of the molecular genetic analysis of multivesicular body biogenesis.

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  • 1Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA.


In 1992, Raymond et al. published a compilation of the 41 yeast vacuolar protein sorting (vps) mutant groups and described a large class of mutants (class E vps mutants) that accumulated an exaggerated prevacuolar endosome-like compartment. Further analysis revealed that this "class E compartment" contained soluble vacuolar hydrolases, vacuolar membrane proteins, and Golgi membrane proteins unable to recycle back to the Golgi complex, yet these class E vps mutants had what seemed to be normal vacuoles. The 13 class E VPS genes were later shown to encode the proteins that make up the complexes required for formation of intralumenal vesicles in late endosomal compartments called multivesicular bodies, and for the sorting of ubiquitinated cargo proteins into these internal vesicles for eventual delivery to the vacuole or lysosome.

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