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Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2011 Oct;34(5):202-6. doi: 10.1016/j.clae.2010.10.004. Epub 2010 Nov 5.

Higher risk taking propensity of contact lens wearers is associated with less compliance.

Author information

  • 1Brien Holden Vision Institute, University of New South Wales, Australia. n.carnt@brienholdenvision.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether risk taking personality is associated with compliance in contact lens wear, and how practitioner perception of compliance compares with wearer risk taking and non-compliant behaviour.

METHOD:

Optometrists in Australia, recruited through professional organizations, were asked to enroll up to 10 current contact lens wearers each. Wearers completed a questionnaire assessing risk-taking propensity (20-item instrument), non-compliant behaviour and demographics. Non-compliance was scored on four components (maximum score 40, lens disinfection, 20; hand hygiene, 8; case hygiene, 6; case replacement, 6). Independently, practitioners ranked each wearer's non-compliance on a 1-5 scale. Associations between wearer risk taking propensity, non-compliant behaviour and practitioner perceived non-compliance were investigated using Pearson correlation. Significant associations were entered into a linear regression model predicting overall non-compliant behaviour.

RESULTS:

Seventy-three wearers were recruited by 18 optometrists (mean 4, range 1-10). Wearer risk taking was associated with less compliance (p<0.01) as was younger age (p<0.01) and male gender (p=0.02). Years of lens wear was not associated with non-compliant behaviour (p=0.8), nor was practitioner perception of compliance (p>0.6) Linear regression indicated that risk taking was the only independent significant factor predicting non-compliance, explaining 24% of the variation in behaviour.

CONCLUSION:

A higher risk taking personality style of contact lens wearers in Australia is associated with less compliant behaviour. Risk taking is a better predictor of compliance than age, gender and practitioner perception and helps explain the individual characteristics of wearers that may influence lens care and maintenance.

Copyright © 2010 British Contact Lens Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21115386
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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