Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Paediatr Respir Rev. 2010 Dec;11(4):193-8. doi: 10.1016/j.prrv.2010.06.003. Epub 2010 Aug 7.

Craniofacial and upper airway development.

Author information

  • 1Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.


Development of the craniofacial and upper airway structures is a complex choreography of mesenchymal and epithelial tissues responding to soluble growth factors and transcription factors in a tightly regulated sequence. Interruption of the development process or mutation of required transcription or growth factors leads to congenital anomalies of the facial and airway structures. Oftentimes, these patients suffer life-long consequences, require multiple medical and surgical interventions, and have significant associated morbidity and mortality. Furthering our understanding of the basic developmental mechanisms of craniofacial and upper airway development will lead to improved diagnostic and treatment strategies to improve the care of these patients.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk