Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pharm Res. 2011 Mar;28(3):662-72. doi: 10.1007/s11095-010-0322-4. Epub 2010 Nov 25.

A novel peptide nanomedicine against acute lung injury: GLP-1 in phospholipid micelles.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.



Treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) observed in Gram-negative sepsis represents an unmet medical need due to a high mortality rate and lack of effective treatment. Accordingly, we developed and characterized a novel nanomedicine against ALI. We showed that when human glucagon-like peptide 1(7-36) (GLP-1) self-associated with PEGylated phospholipid micelles (SSM), the resulting GLP1-SSM (hydrodynamic size, ~15 nm) exerted effective anti-inflammatory protection against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI in mice.


GLP1-SSM was prepared by incubating GLP-1 with SSM dispersion in saline and characterized using fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism. Bioactivity was tested by in vitro cAMP induction, while in vivo anti-inflammatory effects were determined by lung neutrophil cell count, myeloperoxidase activity and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in LPS-induced ALI mice.


Amphipathic GLP-1 interacted spontaneously with SSM as indicated by increased α-helicity and fluorescence emission. This association elicited increased bioactivity as determined by in vitro cAMP production. Correspondingly, subcutaneous GLP1-SSM (5-30 nmol/mouse) manifested dose-dependent decrease in lung neutrophil influx, myeloperoxidase activity and interleukin-6 in ALI mice. By contrast, GLP-1 in saline showed no significant anti-inflammatory effects against LPS-induced lung hyper-inflammatory responses.


GLP1-SSM is a promising novel anti-inflammatory nanomedicine against ALI and should be further developed for its transition to clinics.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk