Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pflugers Arch. 2011 Jan;461(1):23-8. doi: 10.1007/s00424-010-0903-4. Epub 2010 Nov 24.

Role of the spinal cord NO/cGMP pathway in the control of arterial pressure and heart rate.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physiology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.


The modulatory effect of nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO/cGMP) pathway on sympathetic preganglionic neurons still deserves further investigation. The present study was designed to examine the role of the spinal cord NO/cGMP pathway in controlling mean arterial pressure and heart rate. We observed that intrathecal administration of the NO synthase inhibitor Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) causes an increase in mean arterial pressure but does not affect heart rate. Intrathecal administration of the soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]Oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) does not change mean arterial pressure and heart rate. The precursor for NO synthesis, L-arginine, reduces both mean arterial pressure and heart rate while administration of ODQ before L-arginine impaired decreases in mean arterial pressure and heart rate. Administration of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist DL-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP5) after L-NAME does not affect increases in mean arterial pressure promoted by NO synthase inhibition. Although the hypotensive and bradycardic responses induced by intrathecal administration of L-arginine depend on cGMP, our results indicate that NO acts to tonically inhibit SPNs, independent of either cGMP or NMDA receptors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk