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Int Rev Neurobiol. 2010;95:1-5. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381326-8.00001-6.

Introductory remarks: Catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibition--an innovative approach to enhance L-dopa therapy in Parkinson's disease with dual enzyme inhibition.

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  • 1Orion Corporation, Orion Pharma, Research and Development, Research Center, Espoo, Finland.

Abstract

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) enzyme and its inhibition have been closely related to the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with motor fluctuations needing enhancement of their levodopa (L-dopa) therapy (L-dopa/dopa decarboxylase inhibitor), this indication being so far the only clinical application of COMT inhibitors. L-dopa treatment has remained the most effective therapy for PD, but its further development has been quite a challenge mainly due to the effective metabolism of L-dopa in the human body by multiple pathways, decarboxylation and O-methylation being the two most important of them. The introduction of clinically effective and safe COMT inhibitors has greatly increased the usefulness of L-dopa therapy, but how to utilize the full potential of L-dopa is still unsolved leaving a need for more potent COMT inhibitors.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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