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Scand J Occup Ther. 2011 Dec;18(4):265-81. doi: 10.3109/11038128.2010.514942. Epub 2010 Nov 22.

Occupational therapy-based and evidence-supported recommendations for assessment and exercises in hand osteoarthritis.

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  • 1National Resource Center for Rehabilitation in Rheumatology, Diakonhjemmet Hospital, Oslo, Norway. ingvild.kjeken@diakonsyk.no

Abstract

AIMS:

The aims of this study were to develop recommendations for occupational therapy assessment and design of hand exercise programmes in patients with hand osteoarthritis.

METHODS:

An expert group followed a Delphi procedure to reach consensus for up to 10 recommendations for assessment and exercises, respectively. Thereafter, an evidence-based approach was used to identify and appraise research evidence supporting each recommendation, before the recommendations were validated by the expert group.

RESULTS:

The process resulted in 10 recommendations for assessment and eight for design of exercise programmes. The literature search revealed that there is a paucity of clinical trials to guide recommendations for hand osteoarthritis, and the evidence for the majority of the recommendations was based on expert opinions. Also, even if a systematic review demonstrates some evidence for the efficacy of strength training exercises in hand OA, the evidence for any specific exercise is limited to expert opinions.

CONCLUSIONS:

A first set of recommendations for assessment and exercise in hand osteoarthritis has been developed. For many of the recommendations there is a paucity of research evidence. High-quality studies are therefore needed to establish a high level of evidence concerning functional assessment and the effect of hand exercises in hand osteoarthritis.

PMID:
21091120
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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