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Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2010 Sep-Oct;43(5):548-51.

[Rotavirus prevalence in infants and children in the public healthcare system of the state of Pernambuco].

[Article in Portuguese]

Author information

  • 1Laboratório de Virologia, Faculdade Maurício de Nassau, Recife, PE. maelu_torres@hotmail.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Rotaviruses are considered important etiological agents of acute gastroenteritis and a common cause of the hospitalization of children aged zero to four years-old. In Brazil, the incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children is 12 to 42% and the distribution of infection is related to seasonality, which apparently occurs in different periods and intensity according to each region. The study investigated group A rotavirus in fecal samples of suspected children attended by the public health system of the State of Pernambuco.

METHODS:

Diagnosis was achieved by ELISA and the Latex agglutination test.

RESULTS:

Of the 171 samples studied, 33 (19.3%) presented positivity for Rotavirus A. Among positive samples, 72.7% belonged to male patients and 27.3% to female. Among the positive casuistic, 15.2% were vaccinated. When comparing the results obtained for the ELISA and Latex agglutination tests, 100% agreement between positivity by Latex agglutination and ELISA was verified.

CONCLUSIONS:

The high incidence of this infection reinforces the need to monitor this virus and define health policies concerning its diagnosis, prophylaxis, improvement in socioeconomic conditions and the refinement of the vaccine.

PMID:
21085867
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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