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PLoS One. 2010 Nov 3;5(11):e15428. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015428.

Expression and membrane topology of Anopheles gambiae odorant receptors in lepidopteran insect cells.

Author information

  • 1Insect Molecular Genetics and Biotechnology Group, Institute of Biology, National Centre for Scientific Research "Demokritos", Athens, Greece.

Abstract

A lepidopteran insect cell-based expression system has been employed to express three Anopheles gambiae odorant receptors (ORs), OR1 and OR2, which respond to components of human sweat, and OR7, the ortholog of Drosophila's OR83b, the heteromerization partner of all functional ORs in that system. With the aid of epitope tagging and specific antibodies, efficient expression of all ORs was demonstrated and intrinsic properties of the proteins were revealed. Moreover, analysis of the orientation of OR1 and OR2 on the cellular plasma membrane through the use of a novel 'topology screen' assay and FACS analysis demonstrates that, as was recently reported for the ORs in Drosophila melanogaster, mosquito ORs also have a topology different than their mammalian counterparts with their N-terminal ends located in the cytoplasm and their C-terminal ends facing outside the cell. These results set the stage for the production of mosquito ORs in quantities that should permit their detailed biochemical and structural characterization and the exploration of their functional properties.

PMID:
21082026
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2972716
Free PMC Article

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