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Annu Rev Pathol. 2011;6:323-44. doi: 10.1146/annurev-pathol-011110-130224.

Mechanisms of leukocyte transendothelial migration.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA. wamuller@northwestern.edu

Abstract

Neither the innate nor adaptive immune system "responds" unless leukocytes cross blood vessels. This process occurs through diapedesis, in which the leukocyte moves in an ameboid fashion through tightly apposed endothelial borders and, in some cases, through the endothelial cell itself. This review focuses on the active role of the endothelial cell in diapedesis. Several mechanisms play a critical role in transendothelial migration, including signals derived from clustering of apically disposed intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, disruption or loosening of adherens junctions, and targeted recycling of platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule and other molecules from the recently described lateral border recycling compartment. Surprisingly, many of the same molecules and mechanisms that regulate paracellular migration also control transcellular migration. A hypothesis that integrates the various known mechanisms of transmigration is proposed.

PMID:
21073340
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3628537
Free PMC Article
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