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J Neurosci. 2010 Nov 10;30(45):15113-23. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3947-10.2010.

IL-6- and NGF-induced rapid control of protein synthesis and nociceptive plasticity via convergent signaling to the eIF4F complex.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Arizona School of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona 85724, USA.


Despite the emergence of translational control pathways as mediators of nociceptive sensitization, effector molecules and mechanisms responsible for modulating activity in these pathways in pain conditions are largely unknown. We demonstrate that two major algogens, the cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) and the neurotrophin nerve growth factor (NGF), which are intimately linked to nociceptive plasticity across preclinical models and human pain conditions, signal primarily through two distinct pathways to enhance translation in sensory neurons by converging onto the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) eIF4F complex. We directly demonstrate that the net result of IL-6 and NGF signaling is an enhancement of eIF4F complex formation and an induction of nascent protein synthesis in primary afferent neurons and their axons. Moreover, IL-6- and NGF-induced mechanical nociceptive plasticity is blocked by inhibitors of general and cap-dependent protein synthesis. These results establish IL-6- and NGF-mediated cap-dependent translation of local proteins as a new model for nociceptive plasticity.

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